In attempting to select the right penny doll for my upcoming pen wipers, I came across a nice article by Bonnie Taylor-Blake. “Defrosting Frozen Charlotte” is filled with well organized citations. I highly recommend the read.
It turns out the proper nineteenth century name for these tiny dolls is “penny doll” rather than “frozen Charlotte.”
Are you curious which pose of doll I chose? I opted for what I am calling the more active pose, with the little arms slight raised as apposed to what I am calling the mummy pose with the arms along its side or the death pose with the arms laid upon the chest. This is because this pose seems to be the most frequent on original pen wipers.